Enthalpy: Crash Course Chemistry #18

Energy is like the bestest best friend ever and yet, most of the time we take it for granted. Hank feels bad for our friend and wants us to learn more about it so that we can understand what it’s trying to tell us – like that any bond between two atoms contains energy. How much energy? That’s not the simplest question to answer, but today Hank will answer it (kinda), by teaching us about a nifty little thing called enthalpy.

If you are paying attention to this episode you’ll learn what the state function is, and how it varies from a path-dependent function; why enthalpy change is different from heat; that bonds are energy and to form and break them they release and absorb heat to and from their environment. You’ll get the quickest introduction to calorimetry ever (more on that in upcoming episodes) and learn the power of Hess’s Law and how to use Germain Hess’s concept of the standard enthalpy of formation to calculate exactly how much heat is produced by any chemical reaction.

So much to learn! Let’s get started!


Table of Contents
State Function 1:50
Path-Dependent Function 1:15
Enthalpy 2:58
Bonds are Energy 5:10
Colorimetry 5:36
Hess’ Law 6:19
Standard Enthalpy of Formation 7:24


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Brevard County: Resort for America’s most wanted victimizers

Is Brevard County A Resort For America’s Most Wanted?

June 13, 2013, Alan G. Ender, 57, was arrested Wednesday on 10 counts of possession of childpornography. June 12,2013 at 10:40 a.m., Trooper William Craig noticed a motorist on State Road 528 near Industry Road drive closely past a Brevard County Deputy Sheriff’s car.

The Brevard County Deputy had pulled over a car on the roadway’s shoulder, according to FHP. Failing to change lanes for a stopped emergency vehicle led to the arrest Wednesday in Brevard County of a high school counselor listed on America’s Most-Wanted website as a child pornography suspect, according to the Florida Highway Patrol. No detective work was needed there, after all in recent news it would appear Brevard would rather sweep things under the rug rather than do good old fashioned police work.

It appears FHP, Florida Department of Law Enforcement and U.S. Immigration and Customs Enforcement agents have stepped in for Sheriff Wayne Ivey and Melbourne police chief Steve Mimbs.

Florida Department of Law Enforcement and U.S. Immigration and Customs Enforcement agents served a search warrant on Ender’s computer and hard drives and found explicit images of children.

FDLE officials are asking anyone who believes they may have been a victim to call investigators at 407-245-0801 or 800-226-8521. Why not the local guys?

Ender is being held in the Brevard County jail. FDLE officials said his bond was set at $1 million.

Brevard judges and local law enforcement have a history of being soft on offenders who harm children. Would this be why so many offenders migrate to Brevard County?

Judge Maxwell as previously reported: ‘Specifically, it cited Maxwell for returning a 13-year-old boy to the home of a man who was suspected of sexually abusing the boy’s older sister for four years. That case ended disastrously. One day after the judge’s ruling, police say, the boy walked home from school to find the man dead, a .32-caliber pistol at his side and a suicide note in the mailbox, confessing the abuse. The next day, the judge tried to explain his ruling by describing the abuse of the girl as ‘a little pedophilia’ that did not warrant removing the boy, said an agency administrator.’ ~Orlando Sentinel

But lawyers who have worked with both judges defended them and criticized the agency for ‘judge shopping.’

Attorneys routinely ask judges to pass cases to someone else if there is a conflict of interest, but it is extremely rare for an attorney or state agency to try to prevent a judge from hearing a broad swath of cases as in the request pertaining to Brevard’s local Judge Maxwell.

It appears in Brevard the local authorities needed FHP and the like due to their inability or refusal to locate sex offenders within their county but, with local judges like Brevard’s who’s to say?

Judge Moxley refused to issue orders despite the piles of evidence that resulted in Alissa Blanton’s death. ‘As a judge, you have to follow the law. You’re not omniscient,’ Moxley said. ‘God bless her soul.’

But recently he ignored official transcripts and Florida bar documents proving fraud and left a child with a person who was found as fact to kidnap the child from her parents. He then ignored the reports of her being sexually touched just weeks before while in Yvonne Howard’s care (the kidnapper). Judge Moxley took illegal testimony from a psychologist being paid cash and credit by the offender instead. A psychologist who was previously ordered off the case.

Dr. Jeffrey Williamson failed drastically in cross examination and stated it was classic signs of abuse but, being paid by the kidnapper Yvonne Howard stated ‘he didn’t believe it was.

The child a few months later ran away and told authorities she was being abused. The authorities handed her back to the abuser who was also previously arrested for abusing a disabled elderly person.

Is Brevard County incompetent, backwards, corrupt or just lazy? Do the local officials just collect a check without providing the service? Or do they collect checks from both sides of the fen

 

Some Melbourne residents were shocked to find out a neighbor arrested for child porn was also accused of taking photos of neighborhood children in Brevard County. The Florida Department of Law Enforcement said Alan Ender was arrested …
http://www.caringforourchildrenfoundation.org/ — Thu, 13 Jun 2013 13:19:23 -0700
While Seminole County has a small number of transient sex offenders, Volusia (49), Brevard (35) and Orange (121) are presented with a much greater challenge. Enforcement of living locations and monitoring of activity is considered by many …
http://www.registrationx.net/Blog/ — Thu, 13 Jun 2013 06:26:20 -0700
After serving more than ten years in prison and spending time on the sex offender registry, the Charles County Circuit Court vacated Mid-Atlantic Innocence.
http://floridainnocence.org/content/ — Wed, 12 Jun 2013 06:11:17 -0700

NSA GATE: What some are calling the Water Gate of today

In today’s world there are many software suites to protect the privacy of Americans but nothing could have prepared Americans for the alarming discovery that surfaced recently. PRISM a top secret program designed to spy on the mass population of Americans in the name of national security.

The NSA says that PRISM’s all about keeping you safe from potential terrorist attacks, but nevertheless it’s not quite right that people’s privacy counts for nothing.

The continuous debates over domestic issues like immigration, education, the economy, privacy and healthcare reveal what most of us already know: America is divided politically and economically. Scandal after scandal Americans are now full of questions of which some still go without answer. Barring a bold solution from national leaders, America will continue to move forward without a long term plan to rebuild communities and create the social cohesion and national unity that is critical to U.S. national security.

So what about those questions? Is it divide and conquer or the magician’s slide of hand? Has America lost it’s way? As the old saying goes only those who keep their eye on the prize succeed and in America the prize is freedom. Shall the timeless pursuit of life, liberty and happiness continue its quest or vanish as a vivid dream just out of reach among the American people tomorrow?

Distraction is the divided attention of an individual or group from the chosen object of attention onto the source of distraction. Distraction is caused by: the lack of ability to pay attention; lack of interest in the object of attention; or the great intensity, novelty or attractiveness of something other than the object of attention. Distractions come from both external sources, and internal sources.

Divide and conquer is an approach to a problem or task, attempting to achieve an objective by breaking it into smaller parts. Often it is used to separate a force that would be stronger if united, or to cause confusion among rival factions. Divide and conquer has applications in many areas, from political science to economic and military strategy.

‘Whether to concentrate or to divide your troops, must be decided by circumstances.’ Sun Tzu, the Art of War [maneuvering]

‘If he is taking his ease, give him no rest. If his forces are united, separate them.’ Sun Tzu, the Art of War [laying plans]

America’s greatest defense appears to have been forgotten in the present condition of the union. One can only remember this fact when realizing that each state of the ‘union’ is a separate nation at home but together those separate states are united as one to the world. In fact this nations national security starts right here at home with America’s unity a phrase coined long ago as ‘united we stand divided we fall.’ The strategy of dividing and conquering one’s foes is ancient. Ancient Roman emperor Julius Cesar successfully used it thousands of years ago. The application of the strategy in controlling one’s own people – divide and rule – has been used for just as long.

Elements of this technique involve:

  • creating or encouraging divisions among the subjects to prevent alliances that could challenge the sovereign
  • aiding and promoting those who are willing to cooperate with the sovereign
  • fostering distrust and enmity between local rulers
  • encouraging meaningless expenditures that reduce the capability for political and military spending
  • Historically, this strategy was used in many different ways by empires seeking to expand their territories.

Why is history important? Many of this America’s youth have little account to the reasons ‘why’ history is important due to the frenzy filtering out history in our local public schools for the sake of ‘political correctness.’

‘Those who fail to learn from history are doomed to repeat it.’ Sir Winston Churchill spoke those words many years ago, yet he was not the only one to speak them. ‘Those who cannot remember the past are condemned to repeat it.’ Rooted in the philosophies of Socrates, Plato, Aristotle and many others to follow, Americans should recall what Adolf Hitler said … and proved: “To conquer a nation, first disarm its citizens.”

The greatest weapon in the world is the human mind, ‘What greater weapon is there than to turn an enemy to your cause? To use their own knowledge against them?’ ― Bastila Shan

‘Uncertainty, in the presence of vivid hopes and fears, is painful, but must be endured if we wish to live without the support of comforting fairy tales. It is not good either to forget the questions that philosophy asks, or to persuade ourselves that we have found indubitable answers to them.’ — Bertrand Russell, History of Western Philosophy

In politics and sociology, divide and rule (or divide and conquer) (derived from Greek: διαίρει καὶ βασίλευε, diaírei kaì basíleue) is gaining and maintaining power by breaking up larger concentrations of power into chunks that individually have less power than the one implementing the strategy. The concept refers to a strategy that breaks up existing power structures and prevents smaller power groups from linking up.

The maxims divide et impera and divide ut regnes were utilized by the Roman ruler Caesar and the French emperor Napoleon. The example of Gabinius exists, parting the Jewish nation into five conventions, reported by Flavius Josephus in Book I, 169-170 of The Wars of the Jews (De bello Judaico). Strabo also reports in Geography, 8.7.3 that the Achaean League was gradually dissolved under the Roman possession of the whole of Macedonia, owing to them not dealing with the several states in the same way, but wishing to preserve some and to destroy others.

‘If a nation expects to be ignorant and free… it expects what never was and never will be’ — Thomas Jefferson

Indeed – even though the Founding Fathers warned us against the danger of a two-party system to divide the nation – left-right partisan divisions have successfully been deployed to distract and weaken the American people for centuries.

As prime minister Churchill once said that he hoped that the tension between Hindus and Muslims would remain a bulwark of British rule in India it would appear such is the way of American politicians, local governments and the people today.

Shall we review all the replacements due to scandals? Ever feel like the government has been replaced? Is the government being systematically replaced?

Secret service:

President Barack Obama chose veteran agent Julia Pierson as Secret Service director. Pierson will replaced Mark Sullivan, who retired in February and was in charge during the Colombia scandal – one of the worst in the agency’s history. Was the scandal a distraction?

‘Julia is eminently qualified to lead the agency that not only safeguards Americans at major events and secures our financial system, but also protects our leaders and our first families, including my own,’ Obama said in a statement.

Federal Bureau of Investigation: 

President Barack Obama intends to nominate former deputy attorney general James Comey to succeed Robert Mueller as FBI Director, sources familiar with the decision told NBC News on Wednesday. Comey, a Republican who served under President George W. Bush, would take over after Mueller steps down in September. Could this be another magicians slide of hand trick. out with one in with another.

Mueller, who has previously made public his long-term plans to step down in the coming months, has spent 12 years as head of the FBI. He has recently faced some scrutiny over the agency’s failure to more thoroughly investigate Boston bombing suspects Tamerlan and Dzhokhar Tsarnaev after being alerted by foreign agencies. Mueller took over the FBI just one week before the Sept. 11, 2001 attacks. Was the scandal a distraction?

National Security Agency:

Susan Rice will step into the security adviser’s role when Donilon leaves in July, Obama said. Obama said he is ‘absolutely thrilled’ to have Rice on his White House team.

For Rice — a longtime Obama ally and close confidante of the president — the appointment is a bit of redemption after she was forced to withdraw from consideration as Obama’s second-term secretary of State amid criticism of her handling of the Benghazi attacks. Rice said at the time that she did not want her confirmation hearing to become a distraction for the White House. The national security post does not require Senate confirmation.

Rice, who first started working for Obama during his 2008 presidential campaign, has a close relationship with the president and many of his advisers. Her long-standing ties to Obama are expected to afford her significant influence within the White House.

The 48-year-old also served in various national security positions during the Clinton administration, including in key roles on peacekeeping and African affairs. Her world view is said to have been shaped by Clinton’s decision to not intervene in the Rwandan genocide, a move Rice said later deeply affected her.

Ambassador Christopher Stevens was in Benghazi on Sept. 11, 2012, the day he died in a terrorist attack, because Secretary of State Hillary Clinton ordered him there, according to an exclusive statement given to WND by the attorney representing Gregory Hicks, the former State Department deputy chief of mission and chargé d’affairs who was in Libya at the time of the attack.

Hicks’ attorney also charged the Accountability Review Board, or ARB, headed by Ambassador Thomas Pickering and Admiral Michael Mullen, was a cover-up designed to contain blame for the Benghazi terror attack at a level below Secretary of State Hillary Clinton in the State Department.

Is Obama paying off Susan Rice with her appointment to the NSA? Was the PRISM scandal a distraction?

Federal Judges:

As of June 13, 2013, 197 Obama nominees to Article III judgeships have been confirmed by the United States Senate, namely two Justices to the Supreme Court of the United States, 36 judges to the United States courts of appeals and 157 judges to the United States district courts. 29 further nominations are currently awaiting Senate action.

Obama has also made two appointments to the United States Court of International Trade, an Article III tribunal, and three appointments to the United States Tax Court. In addition, Obama has also made two nominations to the United States Court of Federal Claims, along with designating sitting judge Emily C. Hewitt of the United States Court of Federal Claims, an Article I court, to be Chief Judge of that court.

President Obama will soon accelerate his efforts to put a lasting imprint on the country’s judiciary by simultaneously nominating three judges to an important federal court, a move that is certain to unleash fierce Republican opposition and could rekindle a broader partisan struggle over Senate rules. ~Washington Post May 27, 2013

Congress:

“President Obama is again abusing his power by imposing his policies via executive fiat instead of allowing them to be debated in Congress,” said Florida Senator Marco Rubio, in a statement released after Obama’s announcement. “President Obama’s frustration with our republic and the way it works doesn’t give him license to ignore the Constitution.”

President Obama told a Latino rights group that he wished he could “bypass” Congress in order to get things done in July of 2011. “There are times where — until Nancy Pelosi is speaker again — I’d like to work my way around Congress” Obama told the group.

It brings new meaning to the “Yes you can!” chant after he made the comments the first time.

In summation NSA Gate has been much like the Water Gate of today. Some are abandoning the system.

PRISM Detoxification:

 

When news of the NSAgate surfaced, big tech names were stringed as accomplices.  Some of the giants mentioned were Apple, Microsoft, Google, Facebook, Verizon and Yahoo! Others, such as Dropbox, soon followed.

There are ways to dodge the government’s watchful eye, but you need to be prepared to purge services from the aforementioned companies out of your system.  It’s hard, but it can be done.  You won’t have to go offline if that’s what you’re worried about.  You just need to replace the allegedly compromised services with something more secured.

PRISM Break:

Twitter user and self-proclaimed digital nomad Peng Zhong was quick to come up with a site that provides a list of alternatives to the compromised tools and services.  The site is dubbed PRISM Break, a name that might remind you of the popular TV show Prison Break — suitable because if you’re addicted to said services, it will feel like breaking out of their shackles when you transition to other services that were previously unfamiliar.

So what services can you use to purge yourself from Facebook, Google Chrome, Gmail, and others that are said to have backdoors easily accessible to the government?

 

Browser:

Firefox

It may be hard to believe but Mozilla is not a part of the whole data mining and spying scandal.  To prove this, the company has teamed up with Reddit, the Electronic Freedom Foundation, the Internet Archive, and others who launched the online petition StopWatching.Us that demands “a full accounting of the extent to which our online data, communications and interactions are being monitored.”  Mozilla also has a range of add-ons that protect users, such as DoNotTrackMe, Google Privacy, Privacy Protector and many others.

GNUzilla and IceCat

These two are the GNU versions of Mozilla and Firefox, hence the names, and both are free software, unlike Mozilla, which offers free software but paid add-ons.  GNU IceCat provides security by blocking cookies from sites hosting zero-length image files, and when a user is being redirected to sites that spy, IceCat alerts the user of this.  These are just some of the security benefits of IceCat.

Tor Browser Bundle

The Tor Browser Bundle may be the best browser for you if you do not want to leave any tracks behind.  When you download TBB, you can choose to save the file either on your computer or a USB stick, then follow the instructions found here to run the program and make sure your web browsing is secure from prying eyes.

 

Email:

Hushmail

This email service provides private email accounts with no ads and unlimited email aliases. The problem is if you’re used to using free email services, you might back out of this one as it costs $35 a year for the premium version that offers 1GB of space and $50 a year for 10GB of storage with IMAP/POP.

Rise.net

Rise.net provides secure and private email accounts accessible via the web, shell, IMAP, or POP. It scans all mail for viruses and provides three layers of defense against spam.  The problem with this is that it’s invite only (like when GMail first got started), and has a 25 megabyte quota that can increase over time.

Social media:

Diaspora*

This open source, community based social networking service lets you grab the code and host your data wherever you want.  It features hashtags, reshare, mentions, love (similar to Facebook’s Like), and sharing content to only a few people or certain groups. If you can’t completely abandon the other services, you can link your Facebook, Twitter, and Tumblr accounts to Diaspora*.

GNU Social

GNU Social is a decentralized social network that allows you to install in on your own server so you can control the amount of information you want to share with others on other sites.

Movim

A private, decentralized social network server, Movim manages messages between users without selling them to advertisers to make money.  Because it’s open source, you can get the code and create your account wherever you want.

 

Reported the Post: “An internal presentation of 41 briefing slides on PRISM, dated April 2013 and intended for senior analysts in the NSA’s Signals Intelligence Directorate, described the new tool as the most prolific contributor to the …
http://www.wnd.com/ — Thu, 13 Jun 2013 14:42:00 -0700
The highly-classified, confidential documents that revealed the NSA’s massive data-mining operation, PRISM, were leaked from the NSA’s facilities on none other than a simple, innocuous thumb drive.
http://gizmodo.com/ — Thu, 13 Jun 2013 12:40:00 -0700
A lot remains uncertain about the number of users affected by the NSA PRISM surveillance program that is taking place, the extent to which companies are involved, and how the NSA handles this sensitive data. Here are some of the biggest …
http://gizmodo.com/ — Thu, 13 Jun 2013 12:20:00 -0700
With so much things going around about NSA, Google, and PRISM, it seems protecting our online privacy has become harder than ever. Everyone is tracking us – our email provider, Internet Service Provider, Government agencies, and of …
http://siliconangle.com/ — Thu, 13 Jun 2013 11:51:12 -0700
Sam Jacob opinion on how digital culture is affecting design as details of NSA Prism programme emerge.
http://www.dezeen.com/ — Thu, 13 Jun 2013 11:00:46 -0700
Edward Snowden told the Washington Post last week that he leaked the National Security Agency’s top secret surveillance programs in part because he feared the Internet becoming “a TV that watches you.” What to make, then, of an …
http://tv.msnbc.com/ — Thu, 13 Jun 2013 11:00:15 -0700
When the list of prominent internet companies participating in a semi-secret government surveillance program called PRISM leaked, most of the world’s massive tech firms were not on it. But one…
http://www.theverge.com/users/tommie%20hansen — Thu, 13 Jun 2013 10:18:05 -0700
… documents on a massive, NSA surveillance program of U.S. citizens. He contacted the Guardian and Washington Post to blow the whistle on the U.S. government collecting data on phone calls and a separate program, code-named PRISM, …
http://www.wnd.com/ — Thu, 13 Jun 2013 09:52:00 -0700

 

For more tips and tricks on how to protect yourself from government spying, check out How To Get Out Of PRISM and Avoid NSA Spying by Mike Wheatley.

NSAgate: Three 3 Spy-Free alternatives for email, browsing and social media today.

 

 

NSA GATE: What some are calling the Water Gate of today

In today’s world there are many software suites to protect the privacy of Americans but nothing could have prepared Americans for the alarming discovery that surfaced recently. PRISM a top secret program designed to spy on the mass population of Americans in the name of national security.

The NSA says that PRISM’s all about keeping you safe from potential terrorist attacks, but nevertheless it’s not quite right that people’s privacy counts for nothing.

The continuous debates over domestic issues like immigration, education, the economy, privacy and healthcare reveal what most of us already know: America is divided politically and economically. Scandal after scandal Americans are now full of questions of which some still go without answer. Barring a bold solution from national leaders, America will continue to move forward without a long term plan to rebuild communities and create the social cohesion and national unity that is critical to U.S. national security.

So what about those questions? Is it divide and conquer or the magician’s slide of hand? Has America lost it’s way? As the old saying goes only those who keep their eye on the prize succeed and in America the prize is freedom. Shall the timeless pursuit of life, liberty and happiness continue its quest or vanish as a vivid dream just out of reach among the American people tomorrow?

Distraction is the divided attention of an individual or group from the chosen object of attention onto the source of distraction. Distraction is caused by: the lack of ability to pay attention; lack of interest in the object of attention; or the great intensity, novelty or attractiveness of something other than the object of attention. Distractions come from both external sources, and internal sources.

Divide and conquer is an approach to a problem or task, attempting to achieve an objective by breaking it into smaller parts. Often it is used to separate a force that would be stronger if united, or to cause confusion among rival factions. Divide and conquer has applications in many areas, from political science to economic and military strategy.

‘Whether to concentrate or to divide your troops, must be decided by circumstances.’ Sun Tzu, the Art of War [maneuvering]

‘If he is taking his ease, give him no rest. If his forces are united, separate them.’ Sun Tzu, the Art of War [laying plans]

America’s greatest defense appears to have been forgotten in the present condition of the union. One can only remember this fact when realizing that each state of the ‘union’ is a separate nation at home but together those separate states are united as one to the world. In fact this nations national security starts right here at home with America’s unity a phrase coined long ago as ‘united we stand divided we fall.’ The strategy of dividing and conquering one’s foes is ancient. Ancient Roman emperor Julius Cesar successfully used it thousands of years ago. The application of the strategy in controlling one’s own people – divide and rule – has been used for just as long.

Elements of this technique involve:

  • creating or encouraging divisions among the subjects to prevent alliances that could challenge the sovereign
  • aiding and promoting those who are willing to cooperate with the sovereign
  • fostering distrust and enmity between local rulers
  • encouraging meaningless expenditures that reduce the capability for political and military spending
  • Historically, this strategy was used in many different ways by empires seeking to expand their territories.

Why is history important? Many of this America’s youth have little account to the reasons ‘why’ history is important due to the frenzy filtering out history in our local public schools for the sake of ‘political correctness.’

‘Those who fail to learn from history are doomed to repeat it.’ Sir Winston Churchill spoke those words many years ago, yet he was not the only one to speak them. ‘Those who cannot remember the past are condemned to repeat it.’ Rooted in the philosophies of Socrates, Plato, Aristotle and many others to follow, Americans should recall what Adolf Hitler said … and proved: “To conquer a nation, first disarm its citizens.”

The greatest weapon in the world is the human mind, ‘What greater weapon is there than to turn an enemy to your cause? To use their own knowledge against them?’ ― Bastila Shan

‘Uncertainty, in the presence of vivid hopes and fears, is painful, but must be endured if we wish to live without the support of comforting fairy tales. It is not good either to forget the questions that philosophy asks, or to persuade ourselves that we have found indubitable answers to them.’ — Bertrand Russell, History of Western Philosophy

In politics and sociology, divide and rule (or divide and conquer) (derived from Greek: διαίρει καὶ βασίλευε, diaírei kaì basíleue) is gaining and maintaining power by breaking up larger concentrations of power into chunks that individually have less power than the one implementing the strategy. The concept refers to a strategy that breaks up existing power structures and prevents smaller power groups from linking up.

The maxims divide et impera and divide ut regnes were utilized by the Roman ruler Caesar and the French emperor Napoleon. The example of Gabinius exists, parting the Jewish nation into five conventions, reported by Flavius Josephus in Book I, 169-170 of The Wars of the Jews (De bello Judaico). Strabo also reports in Geography, 8.7.3 that the Achaean League was gradually dissolved under the Roman possession of the whole of Macedonia, owing to them not dealing with the several states in the same way, but wishing to preserve some and to destroy others.

‘If a nation expects to be ignorant and free… it expects what never was and never will be’ — Thomas Jefferson

Indeed – even though the Founding Fathers warned us against the danger of a two-party system to divide the nation – left-right partisan divisions have successfully been deployed to distract and weaken the American people for centuries.

As prime minister Churchill once said that he hoped that the tension between Hindus and Muslims would remain a bulwark of British rule in India it would appear such is the way of American politicians, local governments and the people today.

Shall we review all the replacements due to scandals? Ever feel like the government has been replaced? Is the government being systematically replaced?

Secret service:

President Barack Obama chose veteran agent Julia Pierson as Secret Service director. Pierson will replaced Mark Sullivan, who retired in February and was in charge during the Colombia scandal – one of the worst in the agency’s history. Was the scandal a distraction?

‘Julia is eminently qualified to lead the agency that not only safeguards Americans at major events and secures our financial system, but also protects our leaders and our first families, including my own,’ Obama said in a statement.

Federal Bureau of Investigation: 

President Barack Obama intends to nominate former deputy attorney general James Comey to succeed Robert Mueller as FBI Director, sources familiar with the decision told NBC News on Wednesday. Comey, a Republican who served under President George W. Bush, would take over after Mueller steps down in September. Could this be another magicians slide of hand trick. out with one in with another.

Mueller, who has previously made public his long-term plans to step down in the coming months, has spent 12 years as head of the FBI. He has recently faced some scrutiny over the agency’s failure to more thoroughly investigate Boston bombing suspects Tamerlan and Dzhokhar Tsarnaev after being alerted by foreign agencies. Mueller took over the FBI just one week before the Sept. 11, 2001 attacks. Was the scandal a distraction?

National Security Agency:

Susan Rice will step into the security adviser’s role when Donilon leaves in July, Obama said. Obama said he is ‘absolutely thrilled’ to have Rice on his White House team.

For Rice — a longtime Obama ally and close confidante of the president — the appointment is a bit of redemption after she was forced to withdraw from consideration as Obama’s second-term secretary of State amid criticism of her handling of the Benghazi attacks. Rice said at the time that she did not want her confirmation hearing to become a distraction for the White House. The national security post does not require Senate confirmation.

Rice, who first started working for Obama during his 2008 presidential campaign, has a close relationship with the president and many of his advisers. Her long-standing ties to Obama are expected to afford her significant influence within the White House.

The 48-year-old also served in various national security positions during the Clinton administration, including in key roles on peacekeeping and African affairs. Her world view is said to have been shaped by Clinton’s decision to not intervene in the Rwandan genocide, a move Rice said later deeply affected her.

Ambassador Christopher Stevens was in Benghazi on Sept. 11, 2012, the day he died in a terrorist attack, because Secretary of State Hillary Clinton ordered him there, according to an exclusive statement given to WND by the attorney representing Gregory Hicks, the former State Department deputy chief of mission and chargé d’affairs who was in Libya at the time of the attack.

Hicks’ attorney also charged the Accountability Review Board, or ARB, headed by Ambassador Thomas Pickering and Admiral Michael Mullen, was a cover-up designed to contain blame for the Benghazi terror attack at a level below Secretary of State Hillary Clinton in the State Department.

Is Obama paying off Susan Rice with her appointment to the NSA? Was the PRISM scandal a distraction?

Federal Judges:

As of June 13, 2013, 197 Obama nominees to Article III judgeships have been confirmed by the United States Senate, namely two Justices to the Supreme Court of the United States, 36 judges to the United States courts of appeals and 157 judges to the United States district courts. 29 further nominations are currently awaiting Senate action.

Obama has also made two appointments to the United States Court of International Trade, an Article III tribunal, and three appointments to the United States Tax Court. In addition, Obama has also made two nominations to the United States Court of Federal Claims, along with designating sitting judge Emily C. Hewitt of the United States Court of Federal Claims, an Article I court, to be Chief Judge of that court.

President Obama will soon accelerate his efforts to put a lasting imprint on the country’s judiciary by simultaneously nominating three judges to an important federal court, a move that is certain to unleash fierce Republican opposition and could rekindle a broader partisan struggle over Senate rules. ~Washington Post May 27, 2013

Congress:

“President Obama is again abusing his power by imposing his policies via executive fiat instead of allowing them to be debated in Congress,” said Florida Senator Marco Rubio, in a statement released after Obama’s announcement. “President Obama’s frustration with our republic and the way it works doesn’t give him license to ignore the Constitution.”

President Obama told a Latino rights group that he wished he could “bypass” Congress in order to get things done in July of 2011. “There are times where — until Nancy Pelosi is speaker again — I’d like to work my way around Congress” Obama told the group.

It brings new meaning to the “Yes you can!” chant after he made the comments the first time.

In summation NSA Gate has been much like the Water Gate of today. Some are abandoning the system.

PRISM Detoxification:

 

When news of the NSAgate surfaced, big tech names were stringed as accomplices.  Some of the giants mentioned were Apple, Microsoft, Google, Facebook, Verizon and Yahoo! Others, such as Dropbox, soon followed.

There are ways to dodge the government’s watchful eye, but you need to be prepared to purge services from the aforementioned companies out of your system.  It’s hard, but it can be done.  You won’t have to go offline if that’s what you’re worried about.  You just need to replace the allegedly compromised services with something more secured.

PRISM Break:

Twitter user and self-proclaimed digital nomad Peng Zhong was quick to come up with a site that provides a list of alternatives to the compromised tools and services.  The site is dubbed PRISM Break, a name that might remind you of the popular TV show Prison Break — suitable because if you’re addicted to said services, it will feel like breaking out of their shackles when you transition to other services that were previously unfamiliar.

So what services can you use to purge yourself from Facebook, Google Chrome, Gmail, and others that are said to have backdoors easily accessible to the government?

 

Browser:

Firefox

It may be hard to believe but Mozilla is not a part of the whole data mining and spying scandal.  To prove this, the company has teamed up with Reddit, the Electronic Freedom Foundation, the Internet Archive, and others who launched the online petition StopWatching.Us that demands “a full accounting of the extent to which our online data, communications and interactions are being monitored.”  Mozilla also has a range of add-ons that protect users, such as DoNotTrackMe, Google Privacy, Privacy Protector and many others.

GNUzilla and IceCat

These two are the GNU versions of Mozilla and Firefox, hence the names, and both are free software, unlike Mozilla, which offers free software but paid add-ons.  GNU IceCat provides security by blocking cookies from sites hosting zero-length image files, and when a user is being redirected to sites that spy, IceCat alerts the user of this.  These are just some of the security benefits of IceCat.

Tor Browser Bundle

The Tor Browser Bundle may be the best browser for you if you do not want to leave any tracks behind.  When you download TBB, you can choose to save the file either on your computer or a USB stick, then follow the instructions found here to run the program and make sure your web browsing is secure from prying eyes.

 

Email:

Hushmail

This email service provides private email accounts with no ads and unlimited email aliases. The problem is if you’re used to using free email services, you might back out of this one as it costs $35 a year for the premium version that offers 1GB of space and $50 a year for 10GB of storage with IMAP/POP.

Rise.net

Rise.net provides secure and private email accounts accessible via the web, shell, IMAP, or POP. It scans all mail for viruses and provides three layers of defense against spam.  The problem with this is that it’s invite only (like when GMail first got started), and has a 25 megabyte quota that can increase over time.

Social media:

Diaspora*

This open source, community based social networking service lets you grab the code and host your data wherever you want.  It features hashtags, reshare, mentions, love (similar to Facebook’s Like), and sharing content to only a few people or certain groups. If you can’t completely abandon the other services, you can link your Facebook, Twitter, and Tumblr accounts to Diaspora*.

GNU Social

GNU Social is a decentralized social network that allows you to install in on your own server so you can control the amount of information you want to share with others on other sites.

Movim

A private, decentralized social network server, Movim manages messages between users without selling them to advertisers to make money.  Because it’s open source, you can get the code and create your account wherever you want.

 

Reported the Post: “An internal presentation of 41 briefing slides on PRISM, dated April 2013 and intended for senior analysts in the NSA’s Signals Intelligence Directorate, described the new tool as the most prolific contributor to the …
http://www.wnd.com/ — Thu, 13 Jun 2013 14:42:00 -0700
The highly-classified, confidential documents that revealed the NSA’s massive data-mining operation, PRISM, were leaked from the NSA’s facilities on none other than a simple, innocuous thumb drive.
http://gizmodo.com/ — Thu, 13 Jun 2013 12:40:00 -0700
A lot remains uncertain about the number of users affected by the NSA PRISM surveillance program that is taking place, the extent to which companies are involved, and how the NSA handles this sensitive data. Here are some of the biggest …
http://gizmodo.com/ — Thu, 13 Jun 2013 12:20:00 -0700
With so much things going around about NSA, Google, and PRISM, it seems protecting our online privacy has become harder than ever. Everyone is tracking us – our email provider, Internet Service Provider, Government agencies, and of …
http://siliconangle.com/ — Thu, 13 Jun 2013 11:51:12 -0700
Sam Jacob opinion on how digital culture is affecting design as details of NSA Prism programme emerge.
http://www.dezeen.com/ — Thu, 13 Jun 2013 11:00:46 -0700
Edward Snowden told the Washington Post last week that he leaked the National Security Agency’s top secret surveillance programs in part because he feared the Internet becoming “a TV that watches you.” What to make, then, of an …
http://tv.msnbc.com/ — Thu, 13 Jun 2013 11:00:15 -0700
When the list of prominent internet companies participating in a semi-secret government surveillance program called PRISM leaked, most of the world’s massive tech firms were not on it. But one…
http://www.theverge.com/users/tommie%20hansen — Thu, 13 Jun 2013 10:18:05 -0700
… documents on a massive, NSA surveillance program of U.S. citizens. He contacted the Guardian and Washington Post to blow the whistle on the U.S. government collecting data on phone calls and a separate program, code-named PRISM, …
http://www.wnd.com/ — Thu, 13 Jun 2013 09:52:00 -0700

 

For more tips and tricks on how to protect yourself from government spying, check out How To Get Out Of PRISM and Avoid NSA Spying by Mike Wheatley.

NSAgate: Three 3 Spy-Free alternatives for email, browsing and social media today.

 

 

The Election of 1860 & the Road to Disunion: Crash Course US History #18

In which John Green teaches you about the election of 1860. As you may remember from last week, things were not great at this time in US history. The tensions between the North and South were rising, ultimately due to the single issue of slavery. The North wanted to abolish slavery, and the South wanted to continue on with it. It seemed like a war was inevitable, and it turns out that it was. But first the nation had to get through this election. You’ll learn how the bloodshed in Kansas, and the truly awful Kansas-Nebraska Act led directly to the decrease in popularity of Stephen Douglas, the splitting of the Democratic party, and the unlikely victory of a relatively inexperienced politician from Illinois, Abraham Lincoln. Lincoln’s election would lead directly to the secession of several southern states, and thus to the Civil War. John will teach you about all this, plus Dred Scott, Roger Taney, and John Brown.

OST LIVE June 7th 2013 part #1

Wagener opens the LIVE TV show in front of MJ Fan messages Banner, to discuss the
Corruption of C.P.S. & its Federal “Incentive” money to STEAL , “remove” Children from
good parents for the Federal bonus money. Americans brutalizing Americans, Lies by CPS are standard Operating Procedure, Bait & Switch is normal.

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Demand for FULL AUDIT Child Protective Services of CALif. part 2

Part 2, of the JUNE 5th , 2013 Rally to support Families ruthlessly brutalized by C.P.S. and one victim, Anna Nikolayev, got to tell her story of 3 days of TERRORISM by CPS criminals yet to be INDICTED for fabricating false evidence. Another woman, Deanna Fogarty-Hardwick gives us hope of her $10.5 million judgement for 6 years of Orange County, California, CPS workers fabrication of false evidence, and Deanna got the check to prove it.

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Energy & Chemistry: Crash Course Chemistry #17

Grumpy Professor Hank admits to being wrong about how everything is chemicals. But he now wants you to listen as he blows your mind with a new sweeping statement: everything (yes, really everything this time) is energy. What?!
This week, Hank takes us on a quick tour of how thermodynamics is applied in chemistry using his toy trebuchet as an example, because he is a proud nerd.


Table of Contents
Everything Is Energy 0:00
Forms of Energy 1:07
Potential Energy 2:11
Chemical Energy 1:55
Energy Is Constant & Law of Thermodynamics 2:49
System & Surroundings 5:03
Energy Transfer 4:57
Work 3:25
Heat 4:05
Trebuchets 0:48


Want to find Crash Course elsewhere on the internet?
Facebook – http://www.facebook.com/YouTubeCrashC…
Twitter – http://www.twitter.com/TheCrashCourse
Tumblr – http://thecrashcourse.tumblr.com

++ UP # 1 of MJJ Event.mp4

Part 1

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STOP SECRECY of C. P. S.

CPS OR CHILD PROTECTIVE [DIS] SERVICES, KIDNAPS CHILDREN BY THE MILLIONS EVERY YEAR, AND THOUSANDS DIE IN THE “CARE” OF C.P.S. WITH ZERO ACCOUNTABILITY. FOR THE FIRST TIME IN CALIFORNIA FILTHY HISTORY OF KIDNAPING CHILDREN UNDER COLOR-OF-LAW [lessness] with cops used as the NAZI storm Troopers, Tim Donnelly, a new comer to elective politics, steps up to the base and STANDS against the Lawless , criminal acts and secretcy, that State Senator Hannah Beth Jackson [ of Santa Barbara County] has long tolerated and encouraged with every vote, along with the majority of the California State Legislature which no longer represents anyone but the money & corporate interests which destroy American Liberty.

This includes part of the speech on the CAPITOL Steps of Sacramento, as well as Anna Nikilayev story of BEING TERRORIZED by Cops & C.P.S. a day after the cops already checked her and baby and saw the baby was in NO STRESS, NO HARM,

… YET, do to FALSEHOODs written by High School Graduates working as Child Protective Services, or college grads with NO MORAL compass other than to maximize their bonuses for kidnaping OTHER peoples children…. SCREAMS for INDICTMENT for multiple felonies under color of Law.

Tim Donnelly is the first to stand up to a brutal, ruthless, callus regime of secretcy and systematic LIES for Profits and pensions. CLEARLY , by DHHS own website more children are murdered or killed by neglect IN FOSTER homes , than in the biological homes. And Federal Government subsidizes the MURDER by C.P. S. and foster pediaphiles.

Anna’s story was NOT that EXTREME, it was mild. But, she called the RUSSIAN Government, and had her baby back in 3 days. Millions of Americans SCREAM for help and are only sold out by callus uncaring greedy Attorneys, and Judges who fatten their own pockets. How is that for Irony. More Justice in a rotten American System for foreign born Russian Anna & Alex than for naitive born Americans who have NO ONE TO REPRESENT THEM OR LISTEN TO THEM.

The issue is ratio. THE ISSUE IS RATIO.

How can 80 State Assemblymen “LISTEN” to 40 million people in California,

1 per 500,000. Of Course, they can NOT.

That is why in part, it has taken 25 years for just 1 of the 80 to stand up, and ONLY with the Russian Government and Ch – 10 noticing the brutal tactics of the CPS liars.

WE NEED Legislation that appoints SPECIAL GRAND JURYs to investigate CORRUPTION, R.I.C.O. type , by Child Protective Services and the cops that helped them. INDICTMENTS for multiple FELONIES are needed.

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